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Friday, July 17, 2020 | History

11 edition of Horizontal gene transfer in the evolution of pathogenesis found in the catalog.

Horizontal gene transfer in the evolution of pathogenesis

  • 301 Want to read
  • 34 Currently reading

Published by Cambridge University Press in Cambridge, New York .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Genetic transformation,
  • Bacterial diseases -- Pathogenesis,
  • Molecular evolution,
  • Gene Transfer, Horizontal,
  • Bacterial Infections -- etiology,
  • Evolution, Molecular

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references and index.

    Statement[edited by] Michael Hensel, Herbert Schmidt.
    SeriesAdvances in molecular and cellular microbiology -- 16
    ContributionsHensel, Michael, 1962-, Schmidt, Herbert, 1961-
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQH448.4 .H67 2008
    The Physical Object
    Paginationp. ;
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL16717473M
    ISBN 109780521862974
    LC Control Number2007041583

      The Horizontal gene transfer actually occurs through transformation, transduction, conjugation and other gene transfer agents in bacteria. . Horizontal gene transfer allows new variants to arise without a mutation in that variant. In addition to antibiotic resistance increasing from natural selection, bacteria can receive genetic material through the process of horizontal gene transfer. The genetic material is received in two forms: a DNA plasmid or a transposon.

    Horizontal gene transfer (HGT), sometimes referred to as, is any process in which a bacterium inserts genetic material into the genomes of other pathogens or into the genome of its host. HGT represents a substantial blow to the validity of, which state that any given infectious disease is caused by a single discrete and well-defined ntal gene transferhorizontal gene.   Horizontal gene transfer (HGT) is the movement of genetic information between organisms, a process that includes the spread of antibiotic resistance genes among bacteria (except for those from parent to offspring), fueling pathogen by:

      Recombination is widespread across the tree of life, because it helps purge deleterious mutations and creates novel adaptive traits. In prokaryotes, it often takes the form of horizontal gene transfer from a donor to a recipient bacterium. While such transfer is widespread in natural communities, its immediate fitness benefits are usually by: 6. Views horizontal gene transfer from a gene regulation perspective Assesses the opportunities and limitations of designing synthetic microbes or rewiring existing ones Structure and Function of the Bacterial Genome is an ideal book for graduate and undergraduate students studying microbial cell biology, bacterial pathogenesis, gene regulation.


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Horizontal gene transfer in the evolution of pathogenesis Download PDF EPUB FB2

Horizontal Gene Transfer in the Evolution of Pathogenesis (Advances in Molecular and Cellular Microbiology Book 16) - Kindle edition by Michael Hensel, Herbert Schmidt. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets.

Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Horizontal Gene Transfer in the Evolution of Pathogenesis (Advances. Horizontal Gene Transfer in the Evolution of Pathogenesis Horizontal gene transfer is a major driving force in the evolution of many bacterial pathogens.

The development of high-throughput sequencing tools and more sophisticated genomic and proteomic techniques in recent years has resulted in a better understanding of this phenomenon.

Written. Horizontal Gene Transfer in the Evolution of Pathogenesis (Advances in Molecular and Cellular Microbiology): Medicine & Health Science Books @ 5/5(1). Cambridge Core - Genetics - Horizontal Gene Transfer in the Evolution of Pathogenesis - edited by Michael Hensel.

Get this from a library. Horizontal gene transfer in the evolution of pathogenesis. [Michael Hensel; Herbert Schmidt;] -- "Horizontal gene transfer is a major driving force in the evolution of many bacterial pathogens.

The development of high-throughput sequencing tools and more sophisticated genomic and proteomic. Search Tips. Phrase Searching You can use double quotes to search for a series of words in a particular order.

For example, "World war II" (with quotes) will give more precise results than World war II (without quotes). Wildcard Searching If you want to search for multiple variations of a word, you can substitute a special symbol (called a "wildcard") for one or more letters.

Horizontal gene transfer is a major driving force in the evolution of many bacterial pathogens. The development of high-throughput sequencing tools and more sophisticated genomic and proteomic techniques in recent years has resulted in Price: $ Genomes in motion: gene transfer as a catalyst for genome change / Jeffrey G.

Lawrence and Heather Hendrickson --Bacterial recombination in vivo / Xavier Didelot and Daniel Falush --Phage-bacterium co-evolution and its implication for bacterial pathogenesis / Harald Brüssow --The role of bacteriophages in the generation and spread of.

Horizontal gene transfer (HGT) or lateral gene transfer (LGT) is the movement of genetic material between unicellular and/or multicellular organisms other than by the ("vertical") transmission of DNA from parent to offspring (reproduction). HGT is an important factor in the evolution of many organisms.

Horizontal gene transfer is the primary mechanism for the spread of antibiotic. This chapter discusses the horizontal gene transfer and its role in the evolution of prokaryotes. Horizontal gene transfer of genes among different species is evolutionary phenomenon whose extent and significance have been the subject of an intense debate, particularly with regard to apparent cases that involve eukaryotes.

A remarkable feature of all Vibrio species is an highly plastic genome, a feature examined in five papers. The two chromosomes are shaped by horizontal gene transfer involving, among others, antibiotic resistance, virulence, and niche adaptation (Rowe-Magnus et al., ; Kirkup et al., ).

vulnificus biotype 3 is a notable by:   Furthermore, they can mediate horizontal gene transfer, thus facilitating the evolution of pathogens through dissemination of virulence genes (Juhas et al., ). Adhesion, either interbacterial or to specific receptors of host cells, represents another important pathogenicity trait that is often associated with by: Impact of Horizontal Gene Transfer on the Evolution of Salmonella Pathogenesis, p In Brogden K, Roth J, Stanton T, Bolin C, Minion F, Wannemuehler M (ed), Virulence Mechanisms of Bacterial Pathogens, Third Edition.

ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: /ch15Cited by: 4. Horizontal gene transfer (HGT; also known as lateral gene transfer) has had an important role in eukaryotic genome evolution, but its importance is often overshadowed by the greater prevalence and Cited by:   3.

Horizontal gene transfer and microbial evolution. The impact of horizontal gene transfer in microbial evolution (Bacteria and Archaea) is dependent on the number of genes that have been transferred to and successfully maintained in microbial genomes, but it is also dependent on the extent of the phenomena, in both evolutionary time framework.

Horizontal gene transfer, or the process of swapping genetic material between neighboring “contemporary” bacteria, is another means by which resistance can be of the antibiotic resistance genes are carried on plasmids, transposons or integrons that can act as vectors that transfer these genes to other members of the same bacterial species, as well as.

Horizontal gene transfer is made possible in large part by the existence of mobile genetic elements, such as plasmids (extrachromosomal genetic material), transposons (“jumping genes”), and bacteria-infecting viruses (bacteriophages).These elements are transferred between organisms through different mechanisms, which in prokaryotes include transformation.

What are the three mechanisms for horizontal gene transfer. Genes are exchanged between bacteria by three main mechanisms Transformation - direct uptake of naked DNA from the environment Transduction - bacteriophage mediated transfer of DNA Conjugation - Transfer of DNA using mating pili, between two cells.

Horizontal gene transfer (HGT) is defined as the movement of genetic materials between distantly related organisms (Crisp et al., ).

David P. Clark, Nanette J. Pazdernik, in Molecular Biology (Second Edition), Horizontal (or lateral) gene transfer occurs when genetic information is passed “sideways” to a relatively unrelated.

A major driving force of evolution and diversification in pathogenic bacteria compared with modification of the existing DNA is the acquisition of virulence determinants through successive horizontal gene transfer. The evolution of pathogenic bacteria with a strong lineage dependency often results from integration, retention, and expression of Cited by: 1.

Horizontal gene transfer is the collective name for processes that permit the exchange of DNA among organisms of different species. Only recently has it been recognized as a significant contribution to inter-organismal gene by:   Horizontal gene transfer has also been seen as a barrier to defining species in prokaryotes (and, as we shall see later, also for the concept of prokaryotic phylogeny).

Defined in animals on a criterion of interfertility, or on a more molecular level, by the limits of recombination, the biological species is a concept that is difficult to apply Cited by:   Published today in the journal Genome Biology, in collaboration with the South Australian Museum, the researchers found horizontal gene transfer was much more widespread than had been thought.